The First Battle of PanipatThe onset of fierce battles in Panipat was initiated with this first battle fought in the year 1526. It led to the capture of Indian territories by Afghani invaders and thus, was a major deciding factor in the history of India. This battle was first of sorts when field artillery was used for combat and Mughal Empire witnessed their rise in this country. It was exactly fought in a tiny village located near Panipat region which was always under the tug of war for getting dominance over North India.
Overview of the First Battle of PanipatThis battle fought between Tumurid Afghani Commander Babur and Sultan of Delhi, Ibrahim Lodhi was quite significant from the perspective of history and politics in India. It took place on 21st April 1526 when Lodhi’s 1, 00, 000 men, comprising mostly of Hindu kings and their forces, failed to restrict 15, 000 soldiers led by Babur. It showed the military intelligence of Babur and success of his war tactics. Along with his massive army, Ibrahim Lodhi also had 1000 war elephants while forces of Babur were equipped with 20-24 weapons of field artillery.
Decisive factors in First Battle of Panipat
In history, every battle won was fought with utmost bravery and absolute brain power. Same happened in this battle also. Despite his comparatively small army and limited resources, Babur managed to keep the soldiers of Lodhi at bay. Apt use of field artillery and war tactics of this Afghani warlord led huge enemy forces to flee from the battle field. The deciding factors of this battle were:
Canons of Babur:They were the biggest force in this battle in spite of their smaller number. These canons panicked the elephants of Lodhi with their thunderous sounds.
These elephants reacted in this mayhem by squashing the men of Lodhi under their giant feet.
Lodhi did not have such combat weapons and his forces also could not survive the attacks made through them.